Abruzzo land of Olive oil
Olive trees were introduced in Abruzzo during the V century a. C., its cultivation and the production of olive oil have been developed by the Romans, as confirmed by various archaeological and historical evidences. Nowadays in Abruzzo there are over 40.000 hectares of hilly land with olive trees. During the centuries the knowledge related to the cultivation of olive trees has been refined and several varieties have been classified and selected: Leccino present all over the Abruzzo territory, Dritta characteristic of Vestine district, Toccolana typical of Tocco da Casauria, Gentile present in the area of Chieti province as well as the Intosso, used to be eaten instead than pressed. Other varieties characteristic of the Chieti area are Nebbio and Cucco, while in the area of Teramo are more present varieties like Tortiglione, Castiglionese, Carboncella. L’Aquila province is less important in terms of production except for the areas of Navelli, Peligna valley and Roveto valley, where Monicella is the main cultivar. In Abruzzo there are 9 millions plants of olive trees, producing an average of 1 million and 200.000 quintals of olives, from which are obtained almost 200.000 quintals of olive oil.For this reasons Abruzzo is considered one of the major producers of olive oil. In Abruzzo olive oil is still produced in a traditional way in small oil mill, for this reason Abruzzo has been granted from European Union of three D.O.P.(Denominazione di Origine Protetta) for its extra virgin olive oils. D.O.P. represent a an important quality certification for buyers from all over the world.
Regulation of D.O.P.
D.O.P. sets all the rules for production zones, varieties of olives used, method of cultivation, implant systems, maximum production, period of harvesting, transportation and pressing out methods, chemical, physical and organoleptic characteristics of the oil produced. Only through a strict adherence to these rules is possible to obtain a high level extra virgin olive worth to obtain a D.O.P. nomination. (more…)...